Solvent perturbation of the allosteric regulation of aspartate transcarbamylase

Document Type


Publication Date



Escherichia coli aspartate transcarbamylase (ATCase) catalyzes the first committed step in pyrimidine biosynthesis, the condensation of aspartate and carbamyl phosphate. ATCase is positively allosterically regulated by ATP and negatively regulated by CTP. We have used mild solvent perturbation to gain global molecular information about the mechanism of heterotropic allostery. The [NaCl], temperature, and osmotic pressure dependence of the enzymatic activity of ATCase has been examined in the presence and absence of allosteric effectors. The results indicate that: 1) Regulation of aspartate binding by CTP appears to involve a unique set of electrostatic interactions not involved in enzyme function in the presence of ATP or in the absence of effectors. 2) Aspartate binding is enthalpically driven in the presence and absence of allosteric effectors. 3) The apparent enthalpy and entropy of aspartate binding (ΔH, ΔS), and activation energy of catalysis (E(a)) are substantially altered in the presence of CTP but not ATP. 4) The change in hydration of ATCase upon substrate binding is the same in the presence and absence of allosteric effectors. 5) The linkage between heterotropic and homotropic allostery is different for ATP and CTP. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology

First Page


Last Page


This document is currently not available here.