Interactions of replication versus repair DNA substrates with the Pol i DNA polymerases from Escherichia coli and Thermus aquaticus

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Different DNA polymerases partition differently between replication and repair pathways. In this study we examine if two Pol I family polymerases from evolutionarily distant organisms also differ in their preferences for replication versus repair substrates. The DNA binding preferences of Klenow and Klentaq DNA polymerases, from Escherichia coli and Thermus aquaticus respectively, have been studied using a fluorescence competition binding assay. Klenow polymerase binds primed-template DNA (the replication substrate) with up to 50× higher affinity than it binds to nicked DNA, DNA with a 2 base single-stranded gap, blunt-ended DNA, or to a DNA end with a 3′ overhang. In contrast, Klentaq binds all of these DNAs almost identically, indicating that Klenow has a stronger ability to discriminate between replication and repair substrates than Klentaq. In contrast, both polymerases bind mismatched primed-template and blunt-ended DNA tighter than they bind matched primed-template DNA, suggesting that these two proteins may share a similar mechanism to identify mismatched DNA, despite the fact that Klentaq has no proofreading ability. In addition, the presence or absence of 5′- or 3′-phosphates has slightly different effects on DNA binding by the two polymerases, but again reinforce Klenow's more effective substrate discrimination capability. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Biophysical Chemistry

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