Title

Quantitative intra-short interspersed element PCR for species-specific DNA identification

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-15-2003

Abstract

We have designed and evaluated four assays based upon PCR amplification of short interspersed elements (SINEs) for species-specific detection and quantitation of bovine, porcine, chicken, and ruminant DNA. The need for these types of approaches has increased drastically in response to the bovine spongiform encephalopathy epidemic. Using SYBR Green-based detection, the minimum effective quantitation levels were 0.1, 0.01, 5, and 1pg of starting DNA template using our bovine, porcine, chicken, and ruminant species-specific SINE-based PCR assays, respectively. Background cross-amplification with DNA templates derived from 14 other species was negligible. Species specificity of the PCR amplicons was further demonstrated by the ability of the assays to accurately detect trace quantities of species-specific DNA from mixed (complex) sources. Bovine DNA was detected at 0.005% (0.5pg), porcine DNA was detected at 0.0005% (0.05pg), and chicken DNA was detected at 0.05% (5pg) in a 10-ng mixture of bovine, porcine, and chicken DNA templates. We also tested six commercially purchased meat products using these assays. The SINE-based PCR methods we report here are species-specific, are highly sensitive, and will improve the detection limits for DNA sequences derived from these species. © 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Analytical Biochemistry

First Page

259

Last Page

269

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