Structure of the proline dehydrogenase domain of the multifunctional PutA flavoprotein
The PutA flavoprotein from Escherichia coli plays multiple roles in proline catabolism by functioning as a membrane-associated bi-functional enzyme and a transcriptional repressor of proline utilization genes. The human homolog of the PutA proline dehydrogenase (PRODH) domain is critical in p53-mediated apoptosis and schizophrenia. Here we report the crystal structure of a 669-residue truncated form of PutA that shows both PRODH and DNA-binding activities, representing the first structure of a PutA protein and a PRODH enzyme from any organism. The structure is a domain-swapped dimer with each subunit comprising three domains: a helical dimerization arm, a 120-residue domain containing a three-helix bundle similar to that in the helix-turn-helix superfamily of DNA-binding proteins and a β/α-barrel PRODH domain with a bound lactate inhibitor. Analysis of the structure provides insight into the mechanism of proline oxidation to pyrroline-5-carboxylate, and functional studies of a mutant protein suggest that the DNA-binding domain is located within the N-terminal 261 residues of E. coli PutA.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Nature Structural Biology
Lee, Y., Nadaraia, S., Gu, D., Becker, D., & Tanner, J. (2003). Structure of the proline dehydrogenase domain of the multifunctional PutA flavoprotein. Nature Structural Biology, 10 (2), 109-114. https://doi.org/10.1038/nsb885