Larvae of the mayfly (Drunella gransi [Eaton]) from Diamond Fork Creek, Utah, were covered with a heavy growth of the sulfide-oxidizing bacterium Thiothrix. The bacterium did not seem to harm the mayfly, but the Thiothrix trichomes were parasitized by three morphologically distinct bacteria, two of which were cytoplasmic and one of which was probably periplasmic. At least two of the parasites destroyed the cytoplasmic contents of the Thiothrix sp., thus killing the host cell. Attempts to obtain the parasites in pure culture were unsuccessful.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Larkin, J., Henk, M., & Burton, S. (1990). Occurrence of a Thiothrix sp. attached to mayfly larvae and presence of parasitic bacteria in the Thiothrix sp.. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 56 (2), 357-361. https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.56.2.357-361.1990