Terpene-induced morphological changes to exoskeleton of Formosan subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae): Toxic effects of cis-nerol
The terpenoid, cis-nerol was found to be highly toxic to the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki. Morphological abnormalities were observed in the exoskeleton including the spiracles and trichoid sensilla using scanning electron microscopy after exposure of termites to cis-nerol for 2 h. Proteins were found in a water-soluble fraction collected from the whole termite body exposed to cis-nerol for 60 min. It appears that terpenoids cause damage to cell membranes resulting in a significant loss of proteins.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of Entomological Science
Zhu, B., Henderson, G., Fei, H., Ying, X., & Laine, R. (2003). Terpene-induced morphological changes to exoskeleton of Formosan subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae): Toxic effects of cis-nerol. Journal of Entomological Science, 38 (2), 225-233. https://doi.org/10.18474/0749-8004-38.2.225