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Two dissimilatory nitrate-reducing (Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 and Xanthobacter sp. str. COX) and two denitrifying isolates (Stappia aggregata IAM 12614 and Bradyrhizobium sp. str. CPP), previously characterized as aerobic CO oxidizers, consumed CO at ecologically relevant levels (<100 >ppm) under anaerobic conditions in the presence, but not absence, of nitrate. None of the isolates were able to grow anaerobically with CO as a carbon or energy source, however, and nitrate-dependent anaerobic CO oxidation was inhibited by headspace concentrations >100-1000 ppm. Surface soils collected from temperate, subtropical and tropical forests also oxidized CO under anaerobic conditions with no lag. The observed activity was 25-60% less than aerobic CO oxidation rates, and did not appear to depend on nitrate. Chloroform inhibited anaerobic but not aerobic activity, which suggested that acetogenic bacteria may have played a significant role in forest soil anaerobic CO uptake. © 2006 Federation of European Microbiological Societies Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

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FEMS Microbiology Ecology

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