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© 2018 Frey et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Mouse Peg3 encodes a DNA-binding protein involved in the milk letdown process. In the current study, we tested whether PEG3 controls the expression of the oxytocin receptor gene. According to the results, PEG3 directly binds to a genomic region within the 3rd exon of Oxtr, which contains a DNA-binding motif for PEG3. In nursing female mice, removal of PEG3 resulted in the increased expression of Oxtr in mammary epithelial cells and also in the hypothalamus. This suggests a repressor role of PEG3 in the expression of Oxtr in these tissues. Overall, this study suggests that Peg3 may function as a direct transcriptional regulator for Oxtr expression that acts to moderate the milk letdown process.

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