Root hairs are fast-growing tubular protrusions on root epidermal cells that play important roles in water and nutrient uptake in plants. The tip-focused polarized growth of root hairs is accomplished by the secretion of newly synthesized materials to the tip via the polarized membrane trafficking mechanism. Here, we report the function of two different types of plasma membrane (PM) Qa-SNAREs (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors), SYP123 and SYP132, in the growth of root hair in Arabidopsis. We found that SYP123, but not SYP132, localizes in the tip region of root hairs by recycling between the brefeldin A (BFA)-sensitive endosomes and the PM of the expanding tip in an F-actin-dependent manner. The vesicle-associated membrane proteins VAMP721/722/724 also exhibited tip-focused localization in root hairs and formed ternary SNARE complexes with both SYP123 and SYP132. These results demonstrate that SYP123 and SYP132 act in a coordinated fashion to mediate tip-focused membrane trafficking for root hair tip growth. © 2014 The Author.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Plant and Cell Physiology
Ichikawa, M., Hirano, T., Enami, K., Fuselier, T., Kato, N., Kwon, C., Voigt, B., Schulze-Lefert, P., Baluška, F., & Sato, M. (2014). Syntaxin of plant proteins SYP123 and SYP132 mediate root hair tip growth in arabidopsis thaliana. Plant and Cell Physiology, 55 (4), 790-800. https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcu048