Yolk platelet degradation in preemergence Artemia embryos: Response to protons in vivo and in vitro

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Alteration of intracellular pH (pH(i)) influences yolk platelet degradation during preemergence development in Artemia embryos. Cysts incubated for 10 h under conditions of aerobic development (aqueous medium equilibrated with 60% N2-40% O2, pH(i) ≥ 7.9) exhibit a significant decrease in numbers of yolk platelets and platelet protein. In contrast, cysts incubated for 10 h under aerobic acidosis (60% CO2-40% O2, pH(i) = 6.8) show no significant decrease in numbers of yolk platelets or platelet protein. When subjected to alkaline conditions in vitro, yolk platelets release protein exponentially as a function of time. The process is essentially complete in 40 min. The extent of protein and lipid release from platelets increases markedly as pH of the medium is raised in increments from 6.3 to 8.0. Concomitant with these changes are reduction (50%) in platelet dry weight and reduction (21%) in platelet diameter. Transmission electron microscopy does not reveal major structural differences between isolated yolk platelets and those contained in hydrated embryos. The proton effects on platelet composition and size detected in vitro may explain in part the mechanism of platelet degradation observed during aerobic development and its suppression under conditions of acidic pH(i).

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American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology

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