Mechanisms for the enhanced thermal stability of a mutant of transcription factor 1 as explained by 1H, 15N and 13C NMR chemical shifts and secondary structure analysis
A variant of the bacteriophage SPO1-encoded transcription factor 1 (TF1) with two site-specific mutations (E15G and T32I) was shown to be more thermally stable and bind DNA more tightly compared to the wild-type protein. In order to understand the biochemical mechanisms underlying these properties, we are engaged in determining the solution structures of this mutant alone and in complex with DNA using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The first phase of this project is reported here, as we have completed most of the backbone and sidechain sequential NMR assignments of the mutant protein, TF1-G15/I32. Insights derived from the 1H, 15N and 13C chemical shifts and from the secondary structure analysis provide us with an explanation for the noted increase in thermal stability of TF1-G15/I32. Compared to the structure of the wild-type protein, the β-sheet and the C-terminal helix remain largely unaffected whereas the mutations cause great changes in the first two helices and their enclosed loop. Specifically, we have found that the second helix is extended by one residue at its N-terminus and rotated in a way that allows Ala-37 to interact with Tyr-94 of the C-terminal helix. The loop has been found to become more rigid as a result of hydrophobic interactions between the flanking second and first helices and also between the second helix and the loop itself. Furthermore, the T32I mutation allows tighter packing between the second helix and the β-sheet. Collectively, these changes contribute to a more tightly associated dimer and hence, to a greater thermal stability. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology
Vu, H., Liu, W., Grove, A., Geiduschek, E., & Kearns, D. (2000). Mechanisms for the enhanced thermal stability of a mutant of transcription factor 1 as explained by 1H, 15N and 13C NMR chemical shifts and secondary structure analysis. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology, 1478 (1), 113-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-4838(99)00252-6