Title

Longitudinal assessment of cognitive and psychosocial functioning after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Exploring disaster impact on middle-aged, older, and oldest-old adults

Authors

Katie E. Cherry, Louisiana State University
Jennifer Silva Brown, Louisiana State University
Loren D. Marks, Louisiana State University
Sandro Galea, Columbia University in the City of New York
Julia Volaufova, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Christina Lefante, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
L. Joseph Su, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
David A. Welsh, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
S. Michal Jazwinski, Tulane University School of Medicine
Meghan B. Allen, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Gloria Anderson, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Iina E. Antikainen, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Arturo M. Arce, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Jennifer Arceneaux, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Mark A. Batzer, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Emily O. Boudreaux, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Lauri Byerley, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Catherine M. Champagne, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Liliana Cosenza, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
M. Elaine Cress, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Jenny Y. Denver, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Andy Deutsch, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Devon A. Dobrosielski, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Rebecca Ellis, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Marla J. Erwin, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Mark Erwin, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Jennifer Fabre, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Elizabeth T. Fontham, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Madlyn Frisard, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Paula Geiselman, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Lindsey Goodwin, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Tiffany Hall, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Scott W. Herke, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Jennifer Hayden, Louisiana State University Health Science Center

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2011

Abstract

The authors examined the effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on cognitive and psychosocial functioning in a lifespan sample of adults 6-14 months after the storms. Participants were recruited from the Louisiana Healthy Aging Study. Most were assessed during the immediate impact period and retested for this study. Analyses of pre- and post-disaster cognitive data confirmed that storm-related decrements in working memory for middle-aged and older adults observed in the immediate impact period had returned to pre-hurricane levels in the post-disaster recovery period. Middle-aged adults reported more storm-related stressors and greater levels of stress than the two older groups at both waves of testing. These results are consistent with a burden perspective on post-disaster psychological reactions. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research

First Page

187

Last Page

211

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