Metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 and calcium signaling in retinal amacrine cells
To begin to understand the modulatory role of glutamate in the inner retina, we examined the mechanisms underlying metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5)-dependent Ca2+ elevations in cultured GABAergic amacrine cells. A partial sequence of chicken retinal mGluR5 encompassing intracellular loops 2 and 3 suggests that it can couple to both Gq and Gs. Selective activation of mGluR5 stimulated Ca2+ elevations that varied in waveform from cell to cell. Experiments using high external K+ revealed that the mGluR5-dependent Ca2+ elevations are distinctive in amplitude and time course from those engendered by depolarization. Experiments with a Ca2+-free external solution demonstrated that the variability in the time course of mGluR5-dependent Ca2+ elevations is largely due to the influx of extracellular Ca2+. The sensitivity of the initial phase of the Ca2+ elevation to thapsigargin indicates that this phase of the response is due to the release of Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum. Pharmacological evidence indicates that mGluR5-mediated Ca2+ elevations are dependent upon the activation of phospholipase C. We rule out a role for L-type Ca2+ channels and cAMP-gated channels as pathways for Ca2+ entry, but provide evidence of transient receptor potential (TRP) channel-like immunoreactivity, suggesting that Ca2+ influx may occur through TRP channels. These results indicate that GABAergic amacrine cells express an avian version of mGluR5 that is linked to phospholipase C-dependent Ca2+ release and Ca2+ influx, possibly through TRP channels.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of Neurochemistry
Sosa, R., Hoffpauir, B., Rankin, M., Bruch, R., & Gleason, E. (2002). Metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 and calcium signaling in retinal amacrine cells. Journal of Neurochemistry, 81 (5), 973-983. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1471-4159.2002.00883.x