Expression of yeast high mobility group protein HMO1 is regulated by TOR signaling

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Expression of ribosomal proteins is controlled by the Target of Rapamycin (TOR) kinase. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Forkhead-like transcription factor Fhl1 is important for this regulation, and its localization to ribosomal protein gene promoters requires the high mobility group protein HMO1. We show here that HMO1 expression is similarly controlled by TOR signaling. Reporter constructs in which lacZ is under control of the HMO1 promoter show that HMO1 promoter activity is repressed on inactivation of TOR and that HMO1 is required for this repression. Chromatin immunoprecipitation shows that Fhl1 localizes to the HMO1 promoter in an HMO1-dependent fashion and that it centers on a predicted Fhl1 site, and removal of the Fhl1 site in the HMO1 promoter attenuates the response to rapamycin. Taken together, our data show that the HMO1 promoter is regulated by TOR signaling, and that TOR can signal through an HMO1- and Fhl1-dependent mechanism, as proposed for TOR-mediated regulation of ribosomal protein expression. The shared mechanism of regulation further reinforces the central role of HMO1 in TOR-mediated regulation of ribosomal protein gene expression. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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