Jeffrey Rogers, Baylor College of Medicine
Muthuswamy Raveendran, Baylor College of Medicine
R. Alan Harris, Baylor College of Medicine
Thomas Mailund, Aarhus Universitet
Kalle Leppälä, Aarhus Universitet
Georgios Athanasiadis, Aarhus Universitet
Mikkel Heide Schierup, Aarhus Universitet
Jade Cheng, Aarhus Universitet
Kasper Munch, Aarhus Universitet
Jerilyn A. Walker, Louisiana State University
Miriam K. Konkel, Clemson University
Vallmer E. Jordan, Louisiana State University
Cody J. Steely, Louisiana State University
Thomas O. Beckstrom, Louisiana State University
Christina Bergey, New York University
Andrew Burrell, New York University
Dominik Schrempf, Veterinarmedizinische Universitat Wien
Angela Noll, Deutsches Primatenzentrum
Maximillian Kothe, Deutsches Primatenzentrum
Gisela H. Kopp, Deutsches Primatenzentrum
Yue Liu, Baylor College of Medicine
Shwetha Murali, Baylor College of Medicine
Konstantinos Billis, European Bioinformatics Institute
Fergal J. Martin, European Bioinformatics Institute
Matthieu Muffato, European Bioinformatics Institute
Laura A. Cox, Southwest National Primate Research Center
James Else, Emory University
Todd Disotell, New York University
Donna M. Muzny, Baylor College of Medicine
Jane Phillips-Conroy, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis
Bronwen Aken, European Bioinformatics Institute
Evan E. Eichler, University of Washington, Seattle
Tomas Marques-Bonet, CSIC-UPF - Instituto de Biologia Evolutiva (IBE)
Carolin Kosiol, Veterinarmedizinische Universitat Wien

Document Type


Publication Date



Copyright © 2019 The Authors, Recent studies suggest that closely related species can accumulate substantial genetic and phenotypic differences despite ongoing gene flow, thus challenging traditional ideas regarding the genetics of speciation. Baboons (genus Papio) are Old World monkeys consisting of six readily distinguishable species. Baboon species hybridize in the wild, and prior data imply a complex history of differentiation and introgression. We produced a reference genome assembly for the olive baboon (Papio anubis) and whole-genome sequence data for all six extant species. We document multiple episodes of admixture and introgression during the radiation of Papio baboons, thus demonstrating their value as a model of complex evolutionary divergence, hybridization, and reticulation. These results help inform our understanding of similar cases, including modern humans, Neanderthals, Denisovans, and other ancient hominins.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Science Advances