Technical and scale efficiencies of meat goat farms in the USA
© 2015, Taylor & Francis. This study determines i) scale and technical efficiencies, ii) marginal productive contributions for inputs and outputs and iii) efficiency drivers of meat goat farms in the USA. We estimate an input distance function (IDF) using a stochastic production frontier (SPF) technique. The average technical efficiency (TE) for the USA meat goat whole farm was 0.74. The operator education level, percentage of annual net farm income from the goat operation, regional differences and holding of an off farm job are the efficiency drivers of USA meat goat farms. We find increasing returns to scale (RTS) for USA meat goat farms. Our results suggest that USA meat goat farms can be scale efficient if their optimal size of operation is greater than approximately 64 goats or greater than 40 breeding does. Empirical Monte Carlo (MC) simulation techniques show the consistency of finite-sample properties for the input distance function.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Qushim, B., Gillespie, J., Paudel, K., & Mcmillin, K. (2016). Technical and scale efficiencies of meat goat farms in the USA. Applied Economics, 48 (7), 608-620. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2015.1083531