Title

Enzymatically Digested Animal Protein as a Source of Protein for Weanling Pigs

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-1-2000

Abstract

© 2000 American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists. Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the use of an enzymatically digested animal protein (EDAP) as a source of protein for weanling pigs. In each experiment, treatments were replicated with four (Experiments 1 and 2) or seven (Experiment 3) pens of three to five pigs each. Each experiment lasted 3 to 4 wk for the combined Phase I (1.5% Lys in Experiments 1 and 2, 1.6% Lys in Experiment 3) and Phase II (1.3% Lys) periods. In Experiments 1 (6.7 kg; 23 d of age) and 2 (6.1 kg; 22 d of age), pigs were fed one of the following Phase I diets: 1) basal (B) diet containing corn, soybean meal (SBM), whey, fish meal, and blood cells (AP-301 G; American Protein Corporation, Ames, IA); 2) B + 4% spray-dried animal plasma (SDAP); or 3) B + 2% SDAP + 2% EDAP (SDAP + EDAP). In Phase II, the dietary groups from Phase I were divided into two subsequent groups. One group received a diet containing corn, SBM, whey, fish meal, and 2% blood cells, and the second group received the same diet with 2% EDAP, resulting in six treatments for Phase II and overall periods. In Experiment 1, ADG and ADFI were increased (P<0.10) during Phase I for pigs fed SDAP + EDAP, and ADFI was increased (P<0.10) in pigs fed SDAP. In Phase II, the EDAP addition did not affect (P>0.10) ADG, ADFI, or the ratio of gain to feed. Also, Phase I diets did not affect (P>0.10) growth performance during Phase II. Overall, ADG (P<0.10) and ADFI (P<0.04) were increased (P<0.10) in pigs fed SDAP + EDAP during Phase I. In Experiment 2, ADG and the ratio of gain to feed were increased (P<0.10) in pigs fed SDAP + EDAP during Phase I. During Phase II, ADFI was increased in pigs fed SDAP + EDAP or B + SDAP (P<0.01) relative to those fed B only (P<0.003) in Phase I. Also in Phase II, the ratio of gain to feed was increased in pigs fed SDAP + EDAP (P<0.03) relative to those fed B + SDAP. Overall, ADG and the ratio of gain to feed were not affected (P>0.10) by diet, but ADFI was increased (P<0.03) in pigs fed SDAP + EDAP relative to those fed B. In Experiment 3, all pigs (5.7 kg; 17 d of age) were fed a common Phase I diet containing SDAP + EDAP. In Phase II, ADG, ADFI, and the ratio of gain to feed were not affected (P>0.10) by the addition of 2% EDAP or 2% blood cells. In summary, pigs fed SDAP + EDAP perform equally well compared with those fed B + SDAP.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Professional Animal Scientist

First Page

41

Last Page

46

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