Effects of maternal nutrition on the expression of genomic imprinted genes in ovine fetuses
© 2018, © 2018 The Author (s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic phenomenon of differential allelic expression based on parental origin. To date, 263 imprinted genes have been identified among all investigated mammalian species. However, only 21 have been described in sheep, of which 11 are annotated in the current ovine genome. Here, we aim to i) use DNA/RNA high throughput sequencing to identify new monoallelically expressed and imprinted genes in day 135 ovine fetuses and ii) determine whether maternal diet (100%, 60%, or 140% of National Research Council Total Digestible Nutrients) influences expression of imprinted genes. We also reported strategies to solve technical challenges in the data analysis pipeline. We identified 80 monoallelically expressed, 13 new putative imprinted genes, and five known imprinted genes in sheep using the 263 genes stated above as a guide. Sanger sequencing confirmed allelic expression of seven genes, CASD1, COPG2, DIRAS3, INPP5F, PLAGL1, PPP1R9A, and SLC22A18. Among the 13 putative imprinted genes, five were localized in the known sheep imprinting domains of MEST on chromosome 4, DLK1/GTL2 on chromosome 18 and KCNQ1 on chromosome 21, and three were in a novel sheep imprinted cluster on chromosome 4, known in other species as PEG10/SGCE. The expression of DIRAS3, IGF2, PHLDA2, and SLC22A18 was altered by maternal diet, albeit without allelic expression reversal. Together, our results expanded the list of sheep imprinted genes to 34 and demonstrated that while the expression levels of four imprinted genes were changed by maternal diet, the allelic expression patterns were un-changed for all imprinted genes studied.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Duan, J., Zhang, M., Flock, K., Seesi, S., Mandoiu, I., Jones, A., Johnson, E., Pillai, S., Hoffman, M., McFadden, K., Jiang, H., Reed, S., Govoni, K., Zinn, S., Jiang, Z., & Tian, X. (2018). Effects of maternal nutrition on the expression of genomic imprinted genes in ovine fetuses. Epigenetics, 13 (8), 793-807. https://doi.org/10.1080/15592294.2018.1503489