Title

Expression of the antimicrobial peptides in plants to control phytopathogenic bacteria and fungi

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2006

Abstract

Three antimicrobial peptides exhibiting in vitro antifungal activity were expressed in Arabidopsis to compare their in planta activity. β-Purothionin, cecropin B, and phor21 were expressed under an endogenous promoter with moderate-level activity and excreted extracellularly. Expression of β-purothionin rendered the greatest antibacterial and antifungal resistance while cecropin B enhanced only antibacterial activity and phor21 did not improve antimicrobial resistance. The transgenic β-purothionin arrested fungal growth on leaf surfaces and infection of stomata. Leaf extracts from plants producing β-purothionin and cecropin B displayed membrane permeabilizing activity. The in planta antimicrobial activity of the tested peptides was consistent with previously reported in vitro experiments. The expression strategy allowed enhanced antifungal resistance without high-level transgene expression. © Springer-Verlag 2005.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Plant Cell Reports

First Page

561

Last Page

572

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