Pomegranate juice and extract extended lifespan and reduced intestinal fat deposition in Caenorhabditis elegans
© 2019 Hogrefe. Pomegranate juice with a high content of polyphenols, pomegranate extract, ellagic acid, and urolithin A, have anti-oxidant and anti-obesity effects in humans. Pomegranate juice extends lifespan of Drosophila melanogaster. Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) (n = 6) compared to the control group in each treatment, lifespan was increased by pomegranate juice in wild type (N2, 56 %, P < 0.001) and daf-16 mutant (daf-16(mgDf50)I) (18 %, P = 0.00012), by pomegranate extract in N2 (28 %, P = 0.00004) and in daf-16(mgDf50)I (10 %, P < 0.05), or by ellagic acid (11 %, P < 0.05). Pomegranate juice reduced intestinal fat deposition (IFD) in C. elegans (n = 10) N2 (–68 %, P = 0.0003) or in the daf-16(mgDf50)I (–33 %, P = 0.0034). The intestinal fat deposition was increased by pomegranate extract in N2 (137 %, P < 0.0138) and in daf-16(mgDf50)I (26 %, P = 0.0225), by ellagic acid in N2 (66 %, P < 0.0001) and in daf-16(mgDf50)I (74 %, P < 0.0001), or by urolithin A in N2 (57 %, P = 0.0039) and in daf-16(mgDf50)I (43 %, P = 0.0001). These effects were partially mediated by the daf-16 pathway. The data may offer insights to human aging and obesity due to homology with C. elegans.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research
Zheng, J., Heber, D., Wang, M., Gao, C., Heymsfield, S., Martin, R., Greenway, F., Finley, J., Burton, J., Johnson, W., Enright, F., Keenan, M., & Li, Z. (2017). Pomegranate juice and extract extended lifespan and reduced intestinal fat deposition in Caenorhabditis elegans. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research, 87 (3-4), 149-158. https://doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831/a000570