Transfection of eastern oyster (Crassotrea virginica) embryos
There is a need for research in disease resistance and microbial elimination in the eastern oyster Crassosostrea virginica. Gene transfer may lead to advances in this area, and a means of selecting transfected larvae would be useful. We transfected 3-hour-postfertilization embryos with the bacterial gene aminoglycoside phosphotransferase II (neonr), which confers resistance to neomycin and related antibiotics such as G418. The antibiotic G418 was examined as a potential selective agent. A neutral red assay was used to determine survival after 48 hours of exposure to various concentrations of G418 (0-4 mg/ml). We examined the effects of electroporation and chemically mediated transfection of 3-hour-postfertilization embryos on survival to straight-hinge larvae. DNA alone was found to have no effect on survival (P>.05). For electroporation we found that increased voltage and pulse duration decreased survival (P<.05). Chemically mediated transfection did not significantly affect survival (P=.5172). Transgenic larvae were identified after electroporation and chemically mediated transfection. These larvae were reared for 24 hours and exposed to G418 at 0.3 mg/ml for 48 hours. Significant differences in survival between transfected and nontransfected larvae were detected for electroporation (P=.0147) and chemically mediated transfection (P=.037). Gene transfer was also confirmed with polymerase chain reaction and observation of expression of green fluorescent protein. This study documents the first successful insertion and expression of foreign DNA in eastern oyster larvae.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Buchanan, J., Nickens, A., Cooper, R., & Tiersch, T. (2001). Transfection of eastern oyster (Crassotrea virginica) embryos. Marine Biotechnology, 3 (4), 322-335. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10126-001-0002-9