The ability of fetal calf serum, new-born calf serum and normal steer serum to promote the in vitro development of bovine morulae

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The objective of this study was to compare fetal calf serum, new-born calf serum and normal steer serum as medium supplements in the development of bovine morulae in vitro. Bovine morulae were cultured in Hams F-10 tissue culture medium (HF-10) supplemented with 5% or 10% (v/v) fetal calf serum (FCS), new-born calf serum (NBCS) or normal steer serum (NSS). Embryos were recovered at slaughter from mixed bred donor cows of mixed breeding following estrus synchronization with prostaglandin and superovulation with follicle stimulating hormone. A total of 88 morulae were recovered, washed in HF-10 + 1% Bovine Serum Albumin and randomly assigned to treatments. Embryos were cultured in microdrops of medium under paraffin oil at 37°C in a 5% CO2 humidified atmosphere. Observations for stage of development were made every 24 hours. In vitro development was analyzed by assigning to each embryo a value of 0-5 based on the most advanced stage reached (0= no development, 5= development to a hatched blastocyst). Analysis of variance of these data revealed a significant treatment effect (P<.001) while no level effect or treatment × level interaction was apparent. Comparison of treatment means by Duncans new mulitple range test showed that NSS was superior to NBCS (P<.05) which was in turn superior to FCS (P<.05) as supplements of HF-10 in promoting the in vitro development of bovine morulae. © 1982.

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