Nuclear transfer in the bovine embryo: A comparison of 5‐day, 6‐day, frozen‐thawed, and nuclear transfer donor embryos

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Micromanipulation and electrofusion were utilized for nuclear transfer in bovine embryos. Embryonic blastomeres from 5‐day (estrus = day 0), 6‐day, frozen‐thawed 5‐day, and first‐generation nuclear transfer embryos (embryos were themselves a product of nuclear transfer with the original donor being a 5‐day embryo) were transferred into bisected bovine oocytes by electrofusion. The percentage of donor cells fusing with the recipient oocytes was compared between different types of donor embryos. The percentage of embryos developing normally into morula or blastocysts following 6 days culture in the sheep oviduct was also recorded and compared between different donor embryo types. No significant differences were found between donor blastomeres for the percent successfully fused to oocytes: 5‐day, 294 of 513 (57.3%); 6‐day, 252 of 405 (62.2%); frozen‐thawed 5‐day, 111 of 144 (77.1%); nuclear transfer, 142 of 223 (63.7%); or the percent developing normally following nuclear transfer: 5‐day, 92 of 444 (20.7%); 6‐day, 84 of 357 (23.5%); frozen‐thawed 5‐day, 32 of 127 (25.2%); nuclear transfer, 31 of 199 (15.6%). These data suggest that a variety of donor embryos can successfully be utilized for bovine embryo cloning. Also, development of blastomeres from frozen‐thawed 5‐day donors and from donors that are themselves the product of nuclear transfer suggest that the production of multiple identical offspring is possible by frozen storage of seed stock and serial recloning. Copyright © 1991 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

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Molecular Reproduction and Development

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