Title

Anise oil dosage and its effect on growth performance and jejunal lesions during a Clostridium perfringens challenge in battery trials, and growth performance in a floor pen trial

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2017

Abstract

© 2017 Poultry Science Association Inc. Anise oil (AO) is a phytochemical with antibiotic properties and it reduces the growth of Clostridium perfringens in vitro, which is the main causal agent of necrotic enteritis. A series of battery experiments was conducted to determine an AO dosage to feed to broilers and its effect during 2 C. perfringens challenges, and a floor pen experiment to determine its effect in performance. Anise oil linearly reduced (P < 0.05) ADFI and ADG, but feeding broilers 500 to 2,000 mg/kg of AO resulted in similar performance with positive control (PC) fed broilers. Broilers were challenged on d 10 (Experiment 2) or on d 10 and 13 (Experiment 3). Broilers fed AO had lower (P < 0.05) ADFI and ADG compared with broilers fed PC from zero to 18 d (Experiment 2). Growth performance of broilers fed AO was not affected (P > 0.05) during Experiment 3. In both challenges, the jejunum of broilers fed AO had fewer and milder (P < 0.05) lesions compared with broilers fed PC or negative control (NC) diets. In a floor pen trial, 1,000 mg/kg of AO was fed to broilers from zero to 42 days. Broilers fed AO or PC had similar (P > 0.10) growth performance for the entire trial. Broilers fed PC or AO had greater ADG (P < 0.05) and tended (P = 0.07) to be heavier than broilers fed NC at the end of the trial. Breast yield percentage was similar (P > 0.10) among broilers fed any of the dietary treatments. Residues of AO were not present at detectable levels in breast meat.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Applied Poultry Research

First Page

240

Last Page

252

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