Title

Biodistribution and toxicity of orally administered poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid nanoparticles to F344 rats for 21 days

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-1-2016

Abstract

© 2016 Future Medicine Ltd. Aim: Quantify the biodistribution and assess the toxicity of PLGA (poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid) and surface-modified PLGA chitosan (PLGA/Chi) nanoparticles (NPs) orally administered for 7, 14 and 21 days to F344 rats. Materials & methods: Fluorescent NPs were tracked in F344 rat tissues, and toxicity was evaluated by alkaline phosphatase and alanine transaminase levels, and by histologic examination of tissue samples. Results: Biodistribution of PLGA and PLGA/Chi were similar, with highest amounts found in the intestine and liver. Alkaline phosphatase increased significantly in treated rats. Mild histological differences were detected in the intestine and liver. Conclusion: PLGA and PLGA/Chi NPs behaved similarly presenting minimal toxicity in the liver and intestine, but not in kidney, lung and brain.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Nanomedicine

First Page

1653

Last Page

1669

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