Title

Interactive Effects of Dietary Chromium Tripicolinate and Crude Protein Level in Growing-Finishing Pigs Provided Inadequate and Adequate Pen Space

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-1997

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to determine the interactive effects of dietary chromium tripicolinate (CrPic), CP, and pen space (PS) as a stress on growth performance, carcass traits, and plasma hormones and metabolites of crossbred growing-finishing pigs (128 pigs; initial BW 27.2 kg). A factorial arrangement of treatments included two levels of Cr (O and 400 ppb as CrPic), two levels of CP (80 [80P] and 120% [120P] of the lysine requirement; NRC, 1988), and two levels of PS (adequate [APS] or inadequate [IPS]). In the grower phase, ADG was decreased more by IPS when pigs were fed 80P (CP x PS, P < .08). Gain/feed (G/F) was decreased by IPS in pigs fed 80P; however, in pigs fed 120P, IPS increased G/F (CP x PS, P < .01). Supplemental Cr did not affect (P > .10) ADG, ADFI, or G/F in the grower phase. In the finisher phase, pigs fed 120P had less (P < . 10) ADFI but similar (P > . 10) ADG compared with pigs fed 80P. Gain/feed was higher (P < .10) in pigs fed 120P than in pigs fed 80P. Daily gain and ADFI were lower (P < .03) in pigs provided IPS than in pigs provided APS. In pigs fed 80P, CrPic tended to result in higher ADG and G/F; however, in pigs fed 120P, Cr tended to result in lower ADG and G/F (CP x Cr, P < .09). Pigs fed 120P had greater (P < .03) longissimus muscle area (LMA) and percentage of muscling (PM) and less (P < .03) 10th rib fat thickness (TRF) than pigs fed 80P. Pigs provided IPS had greater LMA and PM and less TRF than pigs provided APS (P < .03). Pigs fed CrPic had higher TRF when provided IPS but lower TRF when provided APS (Cr x PS, P < .07). Feeding CrPic had minimal effect on plasma urea N, cholesterol, glucose, NEFA, insulin, or growth hormone.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Animal Science

First Page

1001

Last Page

1008

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