Title

Nitrogen Metabolism and Hormonal Responses of Steers Fed Wheat Silage and Infused with Amino Acids or Casein

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-1997

Abstract

Four Holstein steers (159 kg) surgically fitted with abomasal-infusion cannulas were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square study to test amino acid (AA) and casein (CAS) infusions on nitrogen balance and hormonal status of steers consuming vegetative wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) silage (12.3% CP). Treatments were 5-d infusions of 1) water (CONT), 2) arginine (ARG; 13.69 g/d), 3) limiting amino acids (LAA, 13.69 g/d arginine + 10.92 g/d histidine + 28.97 g/d lysine + 10.88 g/d methionine + 16.96 g/d threonine, and 4) Na-CAS (300 g/d). Whole blood was collected for plasma AA, growth hormone (GH), insulin, and IGF-I concentrations. Data were analyzed by ANOVA, and the following orthogonal contrasts were used to separate treatment means: CONT vs ARG; ARG vs LAA; and LAA vs CAS. Urinary N increased (P < .02) for CAS vs LAA. Arginine increased N retention, as did CAS, compared to LAA. Total plasma essential AA were decreased by arginine. Mean plasma insulin concentrations were increased by CAS (P < .034). Arginine increased mean plasma GH levels, but not IGF-I. The CAS treatment increased (P < .015) IGF-I levels, but not GH. These data suggest that performance of steers fed wheat silage was limited by duodenal AA flow and that arginine was the first-limiting AA. Casein infusion increased plasma insulin and IGF-I, which would explain the improved growth noted in calves and lambs fed forages supplemented with ruminally undegraded protein.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Animal Science

First Page

3038

Last Page

3045

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