Title

The tryptophan requirement of nursery pigs

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2002

Abstract

Five experiments were conducted to determine the true digestible Trp (dTrp) requirement of nursery pigs. Treatments were replicated with four or five pens of five or six pigs each. Pigs were weaned at 21 (Exp. 1, 2, and 5) or 19 d (Exp. 3 and 4), and fed common diets for various times and then experimental diets for 8 (Exp. 1), 13 (Exp. 2 and 3), or 14 d (Exp. 4 and 5). Experiment 1 (160 pigs, initial and final BW of 8.4 and 11.4 kg) evaluated six protein sources low in Trp relative to a positive control diet to identify the protein source to be used in subsequent experiments. The results indicated that a diet with Canadian field peas (CFP) supplemented with Trp resulted in ADG, ADFI, and gain:feed (GF) equal to (P > 0.10) the positive control diet. In Exp. 2, 75 pigs (initial and final BW of 13.2 and 19.2 kg) were fed 1) Trp-deficient diet (0.13% dTrp) with CFP, 2) Diet 1 with added Trp (0.23% dTrp), or 3) positive control diet (0.22% dTrp). Daily gain, ADFI, and GF were decreased (P < 0.01) in pigs fed Diet 1 compared with pigs fed Diets 2 and 3, but ADG, ADFI, and GF were equal (P > 0.10) in pigs fed Diets 2 and 3. Experiments 3 (180 pigs, initial and final BW of 5.2 and 7.3 kg), 4 (120 pigs, initial and final BW of 6.3 and 10.2 kg), and 5 (144 pigs, initial and final BW of 10.3 and 15.7 kg) were conducted to estimate the dTrp requirement of nursery pigs with diets using CFP as a primary protein source. The diets used in Exp. 3, 4, and 5 contained 1.35, 1.19, or 1.01% dLys, respectively, and other amino acids were provided at 105% the ratio relative to Lys. Response variables were ADG, ADFI, GF, and plasma urea N concentrations, and data were analyzed using the broken-line model. The levels of dTrp in the diets for Exp. 3 (Phase I, 5.2 to 7.3 kg) were 0.14, 0.17, 0.20, 0.23, 0.26, and 0.29%. The average dTrp requirement was estimated to be 0.21% (0.24% total Trp). The levels of dTrp in the diets for Exp. 4 (Phase II, 6.3 to 10.2 kg) were 0.13, 0.16, 0.19, 0.22, 0.25, and 0.28%. The average dTrp requirement was estimated to be 0.20% (0.23% total Trp). The levels of dTrp in the diets for Exp. 5 (Phase III, 10.3 to 15.7 kg) were 0.130, 0.155, 0.180, 0.205, 0.230, and 0.255%. The average dTrp requirement was estimated to be 0.18% (0.22% total Trp). These results indicate that the true dTrp requirement is 0.21, 0.20, and 0.18% for Phase I (5.2 to 7.3 kg), II (6.3 to 10.2 kg), and III (10.3 to 15.7 kg) nursery pigs, respectively. ©2002 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Animal Science

First Page

2646

Last Page

2655

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