Testosterone propionate treatment of stallions: Effects on secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone in daily samples and after administration of gonadotropin releasing hormone

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Ten stallions were used to determine if the stallion responds to administration of testosterone propionate (TP) with an increase in follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion after administration of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) as has been previously observed for geldings and intact and ovariectomized mares. Five stallions were treated with TP (350 μg/kg of body weight) in safflower oil every other day for 11 days; control stallions received injections of safflower oil. The response to GnRH (1.0 μg/kg of body weight) was determined for all stallions before the onset of treatment (GnRH I) and at the end of treatment (GnRH II). Blood samples were also withdrawn daily from 3 days prior to treatment through GnRH II. Treatment with TP decreased (P<.10) concentrations of FSH in daily blood samples. However, treatment with TP did not affect (P>.10) the GnRH-induced secretion of FSH. Concentrations of luteinizing hormone (LH) decreased (P<.05) in daily blood samples averaged over both groups of stallions and were lower (P<.10) in TP-treated stallions than in controls during the latter days of treatment. We conclude that TP administration to stallions does not alter the FSH response to GnRH as has been observed for geldings and for mares of several reproductive states. © 1986.

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Domestic Animal Endocrinology

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