Plasma concentrations of cortisol, prolactin, luteinizing hormone, and follicle-stimulating hormone in stallions after physical exercise and injection of secretagogue before and after sulpiride treatment in winter.

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Ten lighthorse stallions were used to determine 1) whether prolactin (PRL) and cortisol responses previously observed after acute exercise in summer would occur in winter when PRL secretion is normally low, 2) whether subsequent treatment with a dopamine receptor antagonist, sulpiride, for 14 d would increase PRL secretion and response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and exercise, and 3) whether secretion of LH, FSH, and cortisol would be affected by sulpiride treatment. On January 11, blood samples were drawn from all stallions before and after a 5-min period of strenuous running. On January 12, blood samples were drawn before and after an i.v. injection of GnRH plus TRH. From January 13 through 26, five stallions were injected s.c. daily with 500 mg of sulpiride; the remaining five stallions received vehicle. The exercise and secretagogue regimens were repeated on January 27 and 28, respectively. Before sulpiride injection, concentrations of both cortisol and PRL increased (P less than .05) 40 to 80% in response to exercise; concentrations of LH and FSH also increased (P less than .05) approximately 5 to 10%. Sulpiride treatment resulted in (P less than .05) a six- to eightfold increase in daily PRL secretion. The PRL response to TRH increased (P less than .05) fourfold in stallions treated with sulpiride but was unchanged in control stallions. Sulpiride treatment did not affect (P greater than .05) the LH or FSH response to exogenous GnRH.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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Journal of animal science

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