Title

The effect of virginiamycin in diets with adequate or reduced dietary calcium or nonphytate phosphorus for broilers

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2005

Abstract

Four experiments (EXP) were conducted to evaluate the effects of virginiamycin (Vm) in diets adequate or reduced in Ca or nonphytate P (nPP) levels on growth performance and bone response variables in chicks. All diets were corn-soybean meal (C-SBM) based, and all treatments were replicated 6 or 8 times with 5 or 6 chicks each. In EXP 1 and 2, the dietary treatments were 1) C-SBM with 1.00% Ca and 0.45% nPP (positive control; PC); 2) C-SBM with 0.80% Ca and 0.45% nPP (0.80Ca); 3) C-SBM with 1.00% Ca and 0.35% nPP (0.35nPP); and 4 to 6) Diets 1 to 3 with 11 (EXP 1) or 22 (EXP 2) ppm of Vm. In EXP 1, daily gain (ADG), feed intake (ADFI), bone breaking strength (BBS), milligrams of ash per gram of Ca intake (ASH/Ca), and BBS per gram of Ca (BBS/Ca) or nPP (BBS/nPP) intake were increased in chicks fed Vm (P < 0.04 to 0.07). Chicks fed the 0.35nPP diet with Vm had increased ADG, ADFI, BBS, milligrams of tibia ash (ASH), BBS/Ca, and BBS/nPP (nPP x Vm, P < 0.03 to 0.10). Chicks fed the 0.80Ca diet with Vm had increased ASH, milligrams of ASH per gram of nPP intake (ASH/nPP), and ASH/Ca (P < 0.01 to 0.09). Tibia ash, BBS, gain:feed (G:F), BBS/nPP, and ASH/nPP were decreased in chicks fed the 0.80Ca diet (P < 0.01 to 0.07). Bone ash percentage (BAP), BBS, BBS/Ca, ASH, and ASH/Ca were decreased in chicks fed the 0.35nPP diets (P < 0.01); ASH/nPP was increased (P < 0.01). In EXP 2, BAP, ASH, ASH/Ca, and ASH/nPP were increased in chicks fed Vm (P < 0.02 to 0.07). Chicks fed the 0.80Ca diet had a decreased ASH/nPP (P < 0.04) but an increased BBS/Ca and ASH/Ca (P < 0.01 to 0.02). Chicks fed the 0.35nPP diet had decreased ADG, ADFI, G:F, BBS, BAP, ASH, ASH/Ca, and BBS/Ca (P < 0.01 to 0.04), but BBS/nPP and ASH/nPP were increased (P < 0.01 to 0.04). In EXP 3, the dietary treatments were 1) PC; 2) C-SBM with 0.70% Ca and 0.45% nPP (0.70Ca); 3) C-SBM with 1.00% Ca and 0.25% nPP (0.25nPP); 4 to 6) Diets 1 to 3 with 9 ppm of Vm. The addition of Vm to the 0.25nPP diet decreased BBS (nPP x Vm, P < 0.06), but Vm increased BBS in the 0.70Ca and PC diets (P < 0.02). Chicks fed the 0.25nPP diet had decreased ADG, ADFI, and BBS (P < 0.01), and chicks fed the 0.70Ca diets had reduced ADFI, BBS, and G:F (P < 0.03 to 0.10). In EXP 4, 4 levels of nPP (0.15, 0.25, 0.35, or 0.45%) and 3 levels of Vm supplementation (0, 11, or 22 ppm) in a 4 x 3 factorial arrangement were used. The addition of Vm increased ADG, BBS, ASH, ASH/Ca, and ASH/nPP only in chicks fed diets with 0.35 or 0.45% nPP (nPP x Vm, P < 0.05). Daily gain, ADFI, G:F, BBS, BAP, BBS/Ca, and ASH were increased as nPP levels were increased (P < 0.01), but BBS/nPP and ASH/nPP were decreased (P < 0.01) as nPP levels were increased. The results obtained from these EXP indicate that Vm, regardless of supplementation level, can partially overcome an nPP deficiency when nPP levels are = 0.35%. ©2005 Poultry Science Association, Inc.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Poultry Science

First Page

1868

Last Page

1874

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