The effect of methionine or cysteine on cobalt toxicity in the chick.
Three experiments were conducted to investigate the interaction of cobalt with sulfur-containing amino acids in the chick. Fortified corn-soybean meal diets were fed and tissue concentrations of cobalt were assessed. In Experiment 1, three levels of cobalt (0, 250, and 500 microgram/g) were fed in the presence and absence of .50% supplemental DL-methionine. Dietary additions of cobalt depressed growth rate and caused cobalt accumulation in the liver and kidney. Supplemental methionine in excess of the requirement for maximal chick weight gains partially alleviated the depression in performance and decreased cobalt accumulation in the liver and kidney. Two levels of cobalt (0 and 500 microgram/g) were fed in the presence and absence of .59% supplemental L-cysteine.HCl.H2O (isosulfurous to .50% DL-methionine) in Experiment 2. Again, cobalt depressed performance and accumulated in the liver and kidney. The surfeit of cysteine increased weight gain and decreased cobalt accumulation in the liver but not in the kidney. In Experiment 3, two levels of cobalt (0 and 250 microgram/g) were fed in the presence and absence of two levels of excess DL-methionine (.50 and 1.0%) or two levels of excess cysteine.HCl.H2O (.59 and 1.18%). Multiple linear regression analysis of gain on sulfur consumed from methionine or cysteine indicated that cysteine was almost 6 times more efficacious than methionine in alleviating cobalt toxicity. In fact, cysteine supplemented at a level of 1.18% completely alleviated the growth depression caused by 250 microgram/g cobalt. Both methionine and cysteine reduced cobalt accumulation in the liver and kidney, but the liver was affected to a greater extent than the kidney.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Southern, L., & Baker, D. (1981). The effect of methionine or cysteine on cobalt toxicity in the chick.. Poultry science, 60 (6), 1303-1308. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0601303