Title

A comparison of two sources of phytase in liquid and dry forms in broilers

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2005

Abstract

Research with corn-soybean meal diets was conducted to compare phytase sources in commercial broilers. A Ca to nonphytate P (nPP) ratio of 2.5:1 was maintained in all diets. Experiments 1 and 2 were conducted from d 4 to 13 (experiment 1) or d 9 to 23 posthatching (experiment 2) in batteries. The 10 treatments used in both experiment were: Diets 1 to 4 = 0.20, 0.25, 0.30, or 0.35% nPP; Diets 5 to 7 = diet 1 plus 100, 200, or 300 phytase units/kg of diet from Natuphos (NAT); and Diets 8 to 10 = diet 1 plus 100, 200, or 300 phytase units/ kg of diet from Ronozyme (RON). As nPP levels increased, daily gain (ADG), feed intake (ADFI), gain:feed, and toe and tibia ash percentage were linearly increased (P < 0.06) in experiments 1 and 2. Incremental addition of phytase, regardless of source, linearly increased (P < 0.07) ADG and ADFI in experiment 1. Broilers fed NAT had higher (P < 0.07) toe ash percentage in experiment 1 and 2, and higher (P < 0.02) ADG and ADFI in experiment 2 than those fed RON. In experiment 3, 3,360 broilers were used to test 2 dry phytase products from 0 to 41 d posthatching in a 3-phase feeding program. The treatments were: Diet 1) adequate Ca and nPP; Diet 2) nPP reduced by 0.20%; Diets 3 to 5 = diet 2 plus 300, 500, or 750 phytase units/kg of diet from NAT; and Diets 6 to 8 = Diet 2 plus 300, 500, or 750 phytase units/kg of diet from RON. Broilers fed the adequate Ca and nPP diet had improved ADG and ADFI overall, and tibia ash weight and percentage in all growth phases (P < 0.03) compared with those fed the reduced Ca and nPP diets. Overall, ADG and ADFI were linearly increased (P < 0.05) by incremental phytase addition in experiment 3. Both NAT and RON produce similar growth and bone ash traits in commercial broilers.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Poultry Science

First Page

265

Last Page

272

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