Performance of pigs with mixed nematode infections before and after ivermectin treatment

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Ninety crossbred parasitized pigs were used in two controlled experiments to compare performance before and after ivermectin treatment. Four groups of 15 pigs were sequentially infected with 2000 Ascaris suum, 10 000 Oesophagostomum spp. and 10 000 Strongyloides ransomi beginning at average pig weights of either 38 kg (Experiment I) or 14 kg (Experiment II). Two infected groups of pigs were treated with ivermectin on Day 34 (Experiment I) or 37 (Experiment II) of the experiments and all pigs were fed to slaughter weights of approximately 100 kg. Average daily gain (ADG) of heavier ivermectin-treated pigs was greater than that of infected non-treated pigs (P < 0.03) and feed conversion was numerically greater by 5% (P > 0.10). ADG was not different between lighter treated or non-treated pigs, but feed conversion was numerically 4% greater in ivermectin-treated compared to non-treated pigs (P > 0.10). No differences existed in carcass dressing percentage among the three groups of heavier pigs, but among the lighter groups ivermectin-treated pigs had a higher dressing percentage (P < 0.03) than infected non-treated or control pigs. Results of the calculation of production costs based on combined data from the two experiments for the post-treatment period, including feed, drug and maintenance costs, indicate that the production cost for ivermectin-treated pigs was $1.53 per pig less than that for infected non-treated pigs when the cost for each group to attain control pig weights is compared with the actual cost for control pigs. © 1991.

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Veterinary Parasitology

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