Differences in susceptibility to gastrointestinal nematode infection between Angus and Brangus cattle in south Louisiana
Breed susceptibility to nematode infection was evaluated in Angus (Bos taurus) and Brangus (B. indicus crossbreed) cattle. A cow-calf herd and a yearling replacement heifer herd were monitored during one grazing season. Calves were born in March and were weaned in October. Individual rectal fecal samples were collected monthly from the two herds and processed for fecal egg counts (FEC) and coprocultures. Cow and calf FEC increased from April, reaching maximum values during the summer. Angus cows and calves had significantly (p<0.05) greater FEC than Brangus cows and calves, and Haemonchus and Cooperia were the predominant genera. Replacement heifer FEC showed a similar pattern with maximum levels during late summer/fall, and Haemonchus was the predominant genus. No significant differences were seen between breeds, however, infection levels were consistently lower in Brangus heifers. Ostertagia was present in cows and heifers only in fall/winter, which is consistent with summer inhibition. The data suggested that cows were an important source of pasture contamination for their susceptible calves and that the Brangus breed was relatively more resistant to infection. The use of B. indicus crossbreeds may help in alleviating reliance on chemical control by reducing the rate of pasture contamination and subsequent infection losses. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Peña, M., Miller, J., Wyatt, W., & Kearney, M. (2000). Differences in susceptibility to gastrointestinal nematode infection between Angus and Brangus cattle in south Louisiana. Veterinary Parasitology, 89 (1-2), 51-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4017(99)00229-0