International nongovernmental organizations and third world education in 1990: A cross-national study
International nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) are at the core of an evolving and increasingly coherent world culture that promotes universally recognized norms of development and education in the Third World. INGOs work directly with local communities to build new schools, provide educational materials, encourage enrollments. INGOs also propagate world educational standards and goals. This article presents the first quantitative, cross-national analysis of the effects of INGOS on Third World education. The consistent positive relationship found between INGOs and secondary enrollments, teacher-student ratios, persistence to Grade 5, and female-to-male enrollment ratios lend support to world institutional theories that education is heavily influenced by international cultural and social factors, net measures related to Third World dependency and state strength.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Sociology of Education
Schafer, M. (1999). International nongovernmental organizations and third world education in 1990: A cross-national study. Sociology of Education, 69-88. https://doi.org/10.2307/2673177