Identifier

etd-07102014-134202

Degree

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Foreign Languages and Literatures

Document Type

Thesis

Abstract

The rituals acts of reciprocity celebrated during the indigenous carnival in the Andes creates communion within the community, and the sacred. In particular, this work focuses on the symbolic meaning of the rituals offerings; celebrated throughout the Andes during the Carnival season, from November to a movable period between February and March. These rituals of reciprocity are dyadic contracts that aid in the cohesiveness of their indigenous experience functioning as agents of their indigeneity; and are a vital part of maintaining and revitalizing their traditions. Using an interpretative and a historiography approach; it is possible to explore the symbolic meaning of the ritualized acts of reciprocity, in particular how the offerings of blood, music, and earth elements convey and sacralized the space, creating an axis mundi unifying the sacred, communal and policies of a community during the celebrations. Los actos ritualistas de reciprocidad celebrados en los Andes durante los carnavales indígenas, establecen una comunión entre la comunidad, lo político, social y sagrado. Particularmente este trabajo analiza el significado simbólico de las ofrendas durante el periodo de carnaval, es decir entre noviembre y una fecha movible entre febrero y marzo. Estos rituales recíprocos son contratos diádicos celebrados entre lo profano y lo sagrado, y son agentes vitales para el mantenimiento de la experiencia de la indigeneidad. Usando un método interpretativo e historiográfico se exploran los significados de las ofrendas de reciprocidad, en particular, las de sangre, música y elementos de tierra. Para argumentar que estos elementos conllevan a la sacralización del espacio de la celebración del carnaval convirtiéndola en un axis mundi.

Date

2014

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Fernandez, Christian

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