Identifier

etd-04152005-104826

Degree

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Document Type

Thesis

Abstract

Bio-implantable devices such as heart pacers, gastric pacers and drug-delivery systems require power for carrying out their intended functions. These devices are usually powered through a battery implanted with the system or are wired to an external power source. In this work, a remote power delivery system (RPDS) is considered as a means to charge rechargeable batteries that power a Bio-implanted Electrical Stimulation System (BESS). A loosely coupled inductive power transmitter and receiver system has been designed to recharge batteries for a bio-implanted gastric pacer. The transmitter coil is periodically worn around the waist. The receiver coil, rechargeable batteries, battery-charging chip and the chip containing electrical stimulation circuitry form a bio-implanted hybrid integrated microsystem. The link efficiency between a transmitter coil and the implanted receiver coil when the diameters are markedly different is analyzed. A design methodology for RPDS is proposed based on the load and voltage required at the load. An analytical model is developed with the help of simple Matlab coding. A full wave rectifier with a voltage doubler circuit is used for the conversion of ac voltage to the required dc voltage. This dc voltage supplies power to a battery charging chip which is used to safely and appropriately charge a rechargeable Li-ion battery. For an input supply voltage of 17.67 V rms, operating frequency of 20 kHz and radial coplanar displacement between the coil axes of 7.5 inches, the maximum dc voltage and power obtained across a 65Ω load resistor are 9.65 V and 1.33 W respectively. For a radial coplanar displacement between the coil axes of 6 inches, a 3.7 V nominal, 150 mAh polymer lithium ion battery has been successfully charged in 1 hour and 40 minutes from an initial voltage of 3.39 V to 4.12 V with an input voltage of 19.81 V rms at 20 kHz. An attempt has been made to model coil parasitics at high frequency. Variations in the load power as a function of frequency and radial coplanar displacement of the axes are examined. Design strategies to optimize power delivery with given geometric constraints are considered.

Date

2005

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Pratul K. Ajmera

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