Identifier

etd-04132009-141607

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Geology and Geophysics

Document Type

Thesis

Abstract

Barker and Camerlenghi (2002) proposed that drifts on the continental rise of the Antarctic Peninsula may record a high-resolution record of ice-sheet expansions on the adjacent continental shelf. In their view, laminated sediments were deposited during glacial periods, whereas during interglacial periods, sediment supply to drifts was negligible. As a consequence of low sediment supply, the tops of laminated sequences were bioturbated. Therefore, a bioturbated-laiminated couplet should represent a complete glacial cycle. Bioturbated and laminated (B-L) sediment couplets were compiled from cores at two drift sites obtained from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 178 Sites 1095, 1096, and 1101. If the hypothesis is correct, then coeval sections should have the same number of B-L couplets given that glacial advance to the shelf edge is a major regional event. The comparison shows that the number of couplets in coeval section is similar for only 14% of the sections evaluated. The number of B-L couplets was also compared to the number of peak oscillations on δ18O records. The comparison of the B-L couplets to oscillations on the δ18O record shows that the two cycles agree for only 32% of the sections compared. The pervasive mismatch in the number of B-L couplets with coeval sections indicates that the couplets on the drifts cannot be simply associated with regional advance and retreat of grounded ice to the outer continental shelf of the Antarctic Peninsula. Bioturbation on the drifts and/or sediment delivery to the drift lacked sufficient spatial continuity to create a consistent record of glacial cycles. The mismatch with cycles on δ18O records likewise shows that B-L couplets on the Antarctic Peninsula cannot be directly related to global-scale ice-volume changes.

Date

2009

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Bart, Phillip J.

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