Master of Science in Petroleum Engineering (MSPE)
Previous practice to determine the source mechanism of microseismic events associated with hydraulic fracture typically includes only far-field terms in moment tensor inversion. The intermediate-field terms and near-field term are normally ignored because of increased complexity in the calculation. Source-receiver distances in hydraulic fracturing are usually 1000 ft and the effects of near and intermediate-field terms are still unknown. We perform a study to improve the precision of the source mechanism by including the intermediate-field term in moment tensor inversion. We find that the intermediate-field term contributes 1/3 of the signal amplitude when the source-receiver distance is 1000 ft. The intermediate-field term contributes 1/20 of the signal amplitude when the source-receiver distance is 6700 ft. Note that "1/20" is at the noise level. Thus, when source-receiver distance is less than 6700ft, we need to consider the intermediate-field term. Especially, when the distance is 1000ft, the intermediate-field term becomes significant. Similarly, near-field terms contribute less than 1/20 of the signal amplitude when distances are larger than 300 ft. In our case, we confirm that the near-field term can be ignored in microseismic analysis. Our results indicate that the intermediate-field terms can improve moment tensor inversion by 2% to 40% at source-receiver ranges less than 1000 ft. When distances are larger than 6700, the improvement is limited to 1%. In the presence of noise, the intermediate-field terms help to improve the moment tensor inversion (15% improvement with noise present vs 3% improvement without noise). Our study provides a foundation for using intermediate-field terms in moment tensor inversion in the studies of hydraulic fractures.
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Fan, Chennu, "Analysis of microseismic events associated with hydraulic fracture propagation" (2014). LSU Master's Theses. 3281.
Dahi Taleghani, Arash