Identifier

etd-07092007-154123

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Geology and Geophysics

Document Type

Thesis

Abstract

This study examines the evolution of an allochthonous salt system in the southern Mars-Ursa basin. A seismic stratigraphic framework and biostratigraphic markers provided constraints on basin development and sediment accumulation from late Miocene to middle Pliocene time. External geometries of tectonostratigraphic packages are identified in the study area and are combined with analyses of brittle deformation to track salt evacuation in the study area. External geometries identified in the study include: wedge, layer and trough. Fifty-nine faults were mapped in basin and suprasalt strata and five phases of brittle deformation were identified. Eight evolutionary stages were identified for the time range of the study. The minibasin has previously been classified as part of a counterregional salt system. This study indicates that the minibasin has experienced phases of stepped counterregional development, quiescence and a phase of roho-style development. However, the end-member salt system models do not accurately account for all phases of salt evacuation around the minibasin. Results indicate that salt has evacuated in multiple directions through time with a dominate phase of westward-directed salt evacuation. The salt system around the Mars-Ursa basin should be modeled in three dimensions. The basin is currently undergoing tectonic activity as the Champlain Salt undergoes reactive diapirism.

Date

2007

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Jeffery Nunn

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