Identifier

etd-04122007-092927

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

School of Nutrition and Food Sciences

Document Type

Thesis

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to investigate the in vitro and in vivo anti-angiogenic properties of ceramide isolated from oyster (Crassostrea virginica). Ceramide was isolated from oyster by silicic acid chromatography, purified by alkaline hydrolysis, and analyzed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). In vitro, the activity of ceramide on human hormone-dependent (MCF-7) and hormone-independent (MDA-MB-435s) breast cancer cells was evaluated for cell viability and proliferation, VEGF-induced cell migration and invasion, apoptosis, and autophagy. The activity of ceramide was also evaluated for VEGF-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) tube formation. The protein levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF) in MCF-7 and MDA-MB435s breast cancer cells treated with ceramide were examined by ELISA. Autophagy was observed by the presence of autophagic vacuoles, and monodansylcadaverine was used as a marker for the detection of autolysosomes. The levels of the transcription factor NF-kB and the activity of phosphatidylinositol kinase were determined by ELISA and Western blot respectively from the cellular extracts of control and ceramide treated breast cancer cells. The activity of ceramide, in vivo, was evaluated for inhibition of bFGF-induced angiogenesis with a matrigel plug assay. The yield of ceramide methyl aminoethylphosphonate from deshelled oysters was 0.16% on a dry weight basis. The molecular size of isolated ceramide was 413 daltons. The viability of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-435s cells exposed to 125 μM of ceramide for 48 h was reduced to 76% and 85%, respectively. The viability of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-435s cells exposed to 250 μM of ceramide for 48 h was reduced to and 38% and 45%, respectively. Ceramide at 50 μM inhibited tube formation by HUVEC in the presence of VEGF at 10ng/ml. Ceramide at 125 μM inhibited VEGF-induced MDA-MB-435s cell migration and invasion and also decreased VEGF, EGF levels, and NF-kB activity in the conditioned media. Ceramide from oyster mediated MCF-7 and MDA-MB-435s breast cancer cell death by autophagy, respectively. In vivo, ceramide at 30mg/kg body weight caused a 57% reduction in hemoglobin levels in the matrigel plug assay within seven days. Ceramide from oyster inhibited angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo.

Date

2006

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Secure the entire work for patent and/or proprietary purposes for a period of one year. Student has submitted appropriate documentation which states: During this period the copyright owner also agrees not to exercise her/his ownership rights, including public use in works, without prior authorization from LSU. At the end of the one year period, either we or LSU may request an automatic extension for one additional year. At the end of the one year secure period (or its extension, if such is requested), the work will be released for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Jack N Losso

Included in

Life Sciences Commons

Share

COinS