Identifier

etd-11122007-091256

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Plant, Environmental Management and Soil Sciences

Document Type

Thesis

Abstract

Four temperatures were tested to determine the optimum temperature for seed germination of Paspalum vaginatum 'Seaspray' seed. Results indicated that Paspalum vaginatum germination percentage was greatest at 30°C. Three seed enhancement treatments were applied to Paspalum vaginatum seed to determine improvements in germination percentage and MTG of the seed. Potassium nitrate, GA, and soaking seed in distilled water yielded greater germination percentages than the dry control. Seeds subjected to enhancement treatments had significantly faster MTG rates than the dry control seeds. Seeds also had higher germination percentage with exposure to light when compared to seeds that germinated in conditions not exposed to light. MTG was not significantly different. Paspalum vaginatum seed was allowed to germinate at 0, 14, 28, and 42 days, before a simulated rainfall. Mean seed loss was significantly greater at 0, 14 and 28d before the rainfall, then 42d before the rainfall was significantly lowest in soil loss. Mean growth of seedlings after the rain simulation was highest at 0 and 14d planted before rainfall. Paspalum vaginatum was compared with Cynodon dactylon and Eragrostis curvula as a possible turfgrass selection for usage as a vegetative cap over a brine landfarm. Grasses were planted in depths of 0, 5.08, 10.16, and 15.24 cm of river silt over the brine field. Results indicated that Paspalum vaginatum assimilated significantly greater quantities of Na than Cynodon dactylon, and Eragrostis curvula. Chloride was the only analyte that was measured in significantly greater amounts when compared by species and depth. Paspalum vaginatum growing in 5.08 cm contained highest concentrations of chloride in the plant tissue, indicating that Paspalum vaginatum would be a potential brine remediator species. The combined results from the four projects indicate that Paspalum vaginatum 'Seaspray' is a suitable turfgrass selection for the Gulf Coast states, especially in areas with saline soils.

Date

2007

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Edward Bush

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