Identifier

etd-04052016-145019

Degree

Master of Science in Biological and Agricultural Engineering (MSBAE)

Department

Biological and Agricultural Engineering

Document Type

Thesis

Abstract

Oyster harvesting is a major industry along the Eastern and Gulf coasts of the United States. Eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) spawn when the waters start to warm between May and October in the Gulf of Mexico. The warmer temperature creates a problem with an increase of bacteria. The two major bacteria affecting the oyster industry are Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. These bacteria are the leading causes of seafood-borne illnesses in the United States. This increase of V. vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus has led to stricter time/temperature requirements for harvesting oysters. The regulations are not plausible for smaller vessels too small to hold a refrigeration unit. Chilling the oysters to lower Vibrio levels using an on-board icing unit was proposed for further investigation. The oysters were tested for V. vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus at each stage along with tested for gaping after 7 and 14 days in refrigerated storage. This experiment was conducted in May, July, and September 2015. The results will help advance the use of triploid oysters as viable options for the oyster industry during the spawning of diploid oysters. The total Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus results were log10 transformed to compare the treated and controlled data for all three months. The data was run through a mixed procedure in SAS 9.4. The V. parahaemolyticus showed a significant difference in the sampling months (p<.001) but not a difference in the treatments (p=0.4715). The differences in the Vibrio vulnificus sampling months were significant (p<0.001) but not the treatments (p=0.2617). Pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus was not flourishing in this area. A difference could not be found in the months or treatment because of the low amounts of bacteria. The gaping data was significantly different between the iced and controlled oyster sacks (p<.001) along with the sampling months (p=.0014). Further work is needed to improve this design and process.

Date

2016

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Secure the entire work for patent and/or proprietary purposes for a period of one year. Student has submitted appropriate documentation which states: During this period the copyright owner also agrees not to exercise her/his ownership rights, including public use in works, without prior authorization from LSU. At the end of the one year period, either we or LSU may request an automatic extension for one additional year. At the end of the one year secure period (or its extension, if such is requested), the work will be released for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Hall, Steven

Included in

Engineering Commons

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