Identifier

etd-07082016-132720

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Geology and Geophysics

Document Type

Thesis

Abstract

Textures found in metamorphic rocks provide insights into the metamorphic and tectonic history of the region. Plagioclase coronas around resorbed garnets are observed in metapelites and amphibolites encompassing the globe. These textures are common in the high-grade rocks of the Sawtooth Metamorphic Complex (SMC), Idaho. Because textures are commonly ambiguous and difficult to interpret, this study evaluates the development of these textures due to: melt formation, using Theriak/Domino to calculate the changes of mineral assemblages and modes; and solid state material transfer, using irreversible thermodynamic modeling (SEG). Six aluminous gneiss samples from the SMC displaying corona textures were studied in detail. All samples contain mineral assemblages of quartz, plagioclase, biotite, garnet, and sillimanite, with traces of ilmenite, graphite, apatite, zircon and monazite and secondary muscovite. The matrix contains melanosomes of foliated biotite and lineated sillimanite, and leucosome of predominantly plagioclase with minor amounts of biotite and quartz. Within the matrix lie the corona textures, where garnets exhibit varying degrees of resorption and are surrounded by rims of plagioclase, biotite and quartz. Pressure-Temperature conditions, calculated by Garnet-Biotite- Plagioclase-Quartz (GBPQ), Garnet-Biotite (GB)and Garnet-Aluminum silicate-Plagioclase (GASP), suggest peak conditions between 6.7 – 9.2 kb (± 0.5 kb) and 700-750⁰C (± 25⁰C). Phase equilibria modeling is consistent with these P-T conditions. Two different modeling techniques elucidate the textural formation. Modeling the garnet dissolution in a matrix consisting of the bt+sil+plag+qtz by solid state material transfer (Foster, 1999) produces multiple mantles surrounding the garnets with distinct mineral assemblages and modes. Zones adjacent to the garnet are dominated by biotite unlike coronas observed. Analysis of mineral assemblages and modes from whole rock chemistry along a decompression path, using Theriak/Domino, suggest garnet moles decrease as melt volumes increases. In addition, moles of plagioclase and An content increases. Based on this modeling study in these rocks, it appears that the plagioclase coronas surrounding embayed garnets form as a results of melt interactions.

Date

2016

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Secure the entire work for patent and/or proprietary purposes for a period of one year. Student has submitted appropriate documentation which states: During this period the copyright owner also agrees not to exercise her/his ownership rights, including public use in works, without prior authorization from LSU. At the end of the one year period, either we or LSU may request an automatic extension for one additional year. At the end of the one year secure period (or its extension, if such is requested), the work will be released for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Dutrow, Barbara

Available for download on Friday, January 01, 9999

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