Date of Award

1998

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Chemical Engineering

First Advisor

Michael A. Henson

Abstract

The main emphasis of this dissertation is the development of nonlinear control strategies based on biological control systems. Commonly utilized biological control schemes have been studied in order to "reverse engineer" the important concepts for applications in process control. This approach has led to the development of a nonlinear habituating control strategy and nonlinear model reference adaptive control schemes. Habituating control is a controller design strategy for nonlinear systems with more manipulated inputs than controlled outputs. Nonlinear control laws that provide input-output linearization while simultaneously minimizing the cost of affecting control are derived. Local stability analysis shows the controller can provide a simple solution to singularity and non-minimum phase problems. A direct adaptive control strategy for a class of single-input, single-output non-linear systems is presented. The major advantage is that a detailed dynamic non-linear model is not required for controller design. Unknown controller functions in the associated input-output linearizing control law are approximated using locally supported radial basis functions. Lyapunov stability analysis is used to derive parameter update laws which ensure the state vector remains bounded and the plant output asymptotically tracks the output of a linear reference model. A nonlinear model reference adaptive control strategy in which a linear model (or multiple linear models) is embedded within the nonlinear controller is presented. The nonlinear control law is constructed by embedding linear controller gains derived from models obtained using standard linear system identification techniques within the associated input-output linearizing control law. Higher-order controller functions are approximated with radial basis functions. Lyapunov stability analysis is used to derive stable parameter update laws. The major disadvantage of the previous techniques is computational expense. Two modifications have been developed. First, the effective dimension is reduced by applying nonlinear principal component analysis to the state variable data obtained from open-loop tests. This allows basis functions to be placed in a lower dimensional space than the original state space. Second, the total number of basis functions is fixed a priori and an algorithm which adds/prunes basis function centers to surround the current operating point on-line is utilized.

ISBN

9780599081796

Pages

179

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