Date of Award

1996

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Erwin D. Poliakoff

Abstract

The experimental technique of measuring the degree of polarization of the fluorescence from electronically excited molecular ions is used to determine the alignment of N$\sb2$, CO and N$\sb2$O photoions over an extended range of excitation energy. The polarization of $\rm CO\sp+(B\sp2\Sigma\sp+\to\ X\sp2\Sigma\sp+),\ N\sb2\sp+(B\sp2\Sigma\sb{u}\sp+\ \to \ X\sp2\Sigma\sb{g}\sp+)$, and $\rm N\sb2O\sp+\ (A\sp2\Sigma\sp+\ \to\ X\sp2\Pi)$ fluorescence over a 200 eV photon energy range is used to interpret the oscillator strength distributions for normally unresolved degenerate ionization channels. The results show the influence of a CO $4\sigma\to k\sigma$ shape resonance clearly, and agreement between theory and experiment is excellent. The N$\sb2$O experimental results indicate evidence of a $7\sigma\to k\sigma$ shape resonance near ionization threshold. Agreement between the theoretical calculations and experiment are less satisfactory for N$\sb2$. This behavior is somewhat surprising, as previous rotationally resolved fluorescence experiments have shown excellent agreement between theory and experiment. This comparison helps to illustrate the complementarity of alignment studies relative to alternative probes of ionization. For both N$\sb2$ and CO, the data indicate that the photoions retain significant alignment even at high energies, though this is not true in the case of N$\sb2$O. The results demonstrate that even well above threshold the spectral dependence of the alignment (i.e., polarization) is very sensitive to the molecular environment for photoejection. Such behavior provides useful insight into fundamental scattering phenomena in chemical physics.

ISBN

9780591133431

Pages

117

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