Date of Award

1990

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Physics and Astronomy

First Advisor

Joseph Callaway

Abstract

We present, in this dissertation, a numerical simulation method to study interacting fermion systems. The general simulation procedures are discussed in connection with a description of a Quantum Monte Carlo simulation algorithm for interacting electrons on lattices. The algorithm presented here has been used to simulate interacting electrons on lattices, and it makes possible the study of substantially larger systems than can be studied by other numerical methods. As long as certain limits of applicability are respected, model Hamiltonians of interacting electrons can be studied without resort to uncontrolled approximations. The method then provides nearly exact solutions to model Hamiltonians of many-body systems, in the sense that the degree of error can be controlled. We also discuss some results obtained from simulations of the extended Hubbard model and and the periodic Anderson model. For the extended Hubbard model in two dimensions, different regions are identified where electron correlation produces antiferromagnetism, charge-density-waves, and singlet pairing superconducting behaviors. We also find regions where transitions from one type of correlation to another occur. For the symmetric periodic Anderson model, we observe the formation of local spin moments at high temperatures and their quenching at low temperatures, as in the single impurity Anderson model. In addition, we find antiferromagnetic interaction between f local moments at low temperatures which are not present in a single impurity problem.

Pages

209

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