Date of Award

1986

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Abstract

A model integrating elements of job stress theory, coping theory, and Type A behavior research was developed and tested in the present study. The model was employed to generate numerous hypotheses concerning proposed relations among job stresses, coping strategies, Type A behavior, and stress-related outcomes. These hypotheses were tested utilizing questionnaire data collected from 136 recently-graduated nurses in ten hospitals. As predicted, Type A was positively associated with job stresses, both Type A and job stresses were related to felt strain and organizational commitment, and commitment predicted turnover intention. Hypotheses concerning the proposed moderating effect of coping on the stress-strain and stress-commitment relations were not supported. Because both the role of coping and some relations among other variables in this model remained unclear, a revised model was proposed and tested post hoc using path analysis. The results of the path analysis suggested that: (a) Type A behavior was a determinant of job stresses and felt strain, (b) coping behavior affected nurses' feelings of strain, (c) strain influenced nurses' organizational commitment, and (d) commitment played a role in determining turnover intention. Overall, the results indicated that Type A behavior and job stress can adversely affect a nurses' adaptation to a new job, and suggested the importance of developing programs to help new nurses adapt their jobs. In addition, the results pointed to the need for continued examination of the process and outcomes of coping with job stress.

Pages

134

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