Date of Award

1983

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate Substance Abuse Prevention in Education (SAPE') Team Training in terms of its effectiveness within and among groups of teachers, counselors and administrators. The study involved three parts. Part I consisted of the development of evaluation instruments to measure attitudinal and cognitive changes of workshop participants. Part II involved the actual experiment which consisted of six eighteen-hour team training workshops. Eighty-five teachers, thirty-seven counselors and forty school administrators comprised the sample. Useable data was obtained from seventy-two teachers, twenty-eight counselors and thirty-one administrators. SAPE' team training workshop participants were pretested upon arrival at a three day (eighteen-hour) workshop. A posttest was given at the end of the training. Pretests and postests were identical and contained both cognitive and affective sections. SAPE' team training included lectures, films, slide presentations, role playing and group processing and interaction. Part III of the study was the analysis of data. This analysis included "t" tests and analysis of covariance with the level of confidence set at .05. An analysis of the data revealed these findings: There was a significant difference at the .05 level of confidence between the mean cognitive pretest and posttest scores of teachers, counselors and administrators. There was a significant difference at the .05 level of confidence between the mean affective pretest and posttest scores of teachers, counselors and administrators. There was no significant difference among the mean cognitive adjusted posttest scores or among the mean affective adjusted posttest scores of the teachers, counselors or administrators when the groups were compared. Results indicated that participation in SAPE' team training produced significant differences in the cognitive and affective development of teachers, counselors and administrators. Relative lack of superiority of one group of educators over another was also revealed by the findings. Recommendations of the study include revisions to the team training program, replications of the study to further test the effectiveness of the team training, follow up of participants and continued research in the fields of chemical dependency and substance abuse. Evidence gathered in the study also supports consideration of SAPE' team training as a working base for school personnel to begin a program of substance abuse prevention in their schools.

Pages

108

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